Creating a Kafka Streaming Application

Apache Kafka is a distributed streaming platform. You can use Kafka to stream data directly from an application into OmniSciDB.

This example is a bare-bones click-through application that captures user activity.

This example assumes you have already installed and configured Apache Kafka. See the Kafka website. The FlavorPicker example also has dependencies on Swing/AWT classes. See the Oracle Java SE website.

Creating a Kafka Producer

FlavorPicker.java sends the choice of Chocolate, Strawberry, or Vanilla to the Kafka broker. This example uses only one column of information, but the mechanism is the same for records of any size.

package flavors;
// Swing/AWT Interface classes
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;
import java.awt.EventQueue;
import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
// Generic Java properties object
import java.util.Properties;
// Kafka Producer-specific classes
import org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.KafkaProducer;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.Producer;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.ProducerRecord;
public class FlavorPicker{
private JFrame frmFlavors;
private Producer producer;
/**
* Launch the application.
*/
public static void main(String[] args) {
EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
public void run() {
try {
FlavorPicker window = new FlavorPicker(args);
window.frmFlavors.setVisible(true);
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
});
}
/**
* Create the application.
*/
public FlavorPicker(String[] args) {
initialize(args);
}
/**
* Initialize the contents of the frame.
*/
private void initialize(String[] args) {
frmFlavors = new JFrame();
frmFlavors.setTitle("Flavors");
frmFlavors.setBounds(100, 100, 408, 177);
frmFlavors.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
frmFlavors.getContentPane().setLayout(null);
final JLabel lbl_yourPick = new JLabel("You picked nothing.");
lbl_yourPick.setBounds(130, 85, 171, 15);
frmFlavors.getContentPane().add(lbl_yourPick);
JButton button = new JButton("Strawberry");
button.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent arg0) {
lbl_yourPick.setText("You picked strawberry.");
pick(args,1);
}
});
button.setBounds(141, 12, 114, 25);
frmFlavors.getContentPane().add(button);
JButton btnVanilla = new JButton("Vanilla");
btnVanilla.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
lbl_yourPick.setText("You picked vanilla.");
pick(args,2);
}
});
btnVanilla.setBounds(278, 12, 82, 25);
frmFlavors.getContentPane().add(btnVanilla);
JButton btnChocolate = new JButton("Chocolate");
btnChocolate.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
lbl_yourPick.setText("You picked chocolate.");
pick(args, 0);
}
});
btnChocolate.setBounds(12, 12, 105, 25);
frmFlavors.getContentPane().add(btnChocolate);
}
public void pick(String[] args,int x) {
String topicName = args[0].toString();
String[] value = {"chocolate","strawberry","vanilla"};
// Set the producer configuration properties.
Properties props = new Properties();
props.put("bootstrap.servers", "localhost:9097");
props.put("acks", "all");
props.put("retries", 0);
props.put("batch.size", 100);
props.put("linger.ms", 1);
props.put("buffer.memory", 33554432);
props.put("key.serializer",
"org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer");
props.put("value.serializer",
"org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer");
// Instantiate a producerSampleJDBC
producer = new KafkaProducer(props);
// Send a 1000 record stream to the Kafka Broker
for (int y=0; y<1000; y++){
producer.send(new ProducerRecord(topicName, value[x]));
}
}
}//End FlavorPicker.java

Creating a Kafka Consumer

FlavorConsumer.java polls the Kafka broker periodically, pulls any new topics added since the last poll, and loads them to OmniSciDB. Ideally, each batch should be fairly substantial in size, minimally 1,000 rows or more, so as not to overburden the server.

package flavors;
import java.util.Properties;
import java.util.Arrays;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.KafkaConsumer;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.ConsumerRecords;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.ConsumerRecord;
//JDBC
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.SQLException;
// Usage:\nFlavorConsumer
public class FlavorConsumer {
public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
if (args.length < 2) {
System.out.println("Usage:\n\nFlavorConsumer ");
return;
}
// Configure the Kafka Consumer
String topicName = args[0].toString();
Properties props = new Properties();
props.put("bootstrap.servers", "localhost:9097"); // Use 9097 so as not
// to collide with
// OmniSci Immerse
props.put("group.id", "test");
props.put("enable.auto.commit", "true");
props.put("auto.commit.interval.ms", "1000");
props.put("session.timeout.ms", "30000");
props.put("key.deserializer", "org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer");
props.put("value.deserializer", "org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer");
KafkaConsumer consumer = new KafkaConsumer(props);
// Subscribe the Kafka Consumer to the topic.
consumer.subscribe(Arrays.asList(topicName));
// print the topic name
System.out.println("Subscribed to topic " + topicName);
String flavorValue = "";
while (true) {
ConsumerRecords records = consumer.poll(1000);
// Create connection and prepared statement objects
Connection conn = null;
PreparedStatement pstmt = null;
try {
// JDBC driver name and database URL
final String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mapd.jdbc.MapDDriver";
final String DB_URL = "jdbc:omnisci:localhost:6274:omnisci";
// Database credentials
final String USER = "omnisci";
final String PASS = args[1].toString();
// STEP 1: Register JDBC driver
Class.forName(JDBC_DRIVER);
// STEP 2: Open a connection
conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);
// STEP 3: Prepare a statement template
pstmt = conn.prepareStatement("INSERT INTO flavors VALUES (?)");
// STEP 4: Populate the prepared statement batch
for (ConsumerRecord record : records) {
flavorValue = record.value();
pstmt.setString(1, flavorValue);
pstmt.addBatch();
}
// STEP 5: Execute the batch statement (send records to OmniSciDB)
pstmt.executeBatch();
// Commit and close the connection.
conn.commit();
conn.close();
} catch (SQLException se) {
// Handle errors for JDBC
se.printStackTrace();
} catch (Exception e) {
// Handle errors for Class.forName
e.printStackTrace();
} finally {
try {
if (pstmt != null) {
pstmt.close();
}
} catch (SQLException se2) {
} // nothing we can do
try {
if (conn != null) {
conn.close();
}
} catch (SQLException se) {
se.printStackTrace();
} // end finally try
} // end try
} // end main
}
}// end FlavorConsumer}

Running the Kafka Click-through Application

To run the application, you need to perform the following tasks:

  • Compile FlavorConsumer.java and FlavorPicker.java.

  • Create a table in OmniSciDB

  • Start the Zookeeper server

  • Start the Kafka server

  • Start the Kafka consumer

  • Start the Kafka producer

  • View the results using omnisql and OmniSci Immerse

  1. Compile FlavorConsumer.java and FlavorPicker.java, storing the resulting class files in $OMNISCI_PATH/SampleCode/kafka-clickthrough/bin.

  2. Using omnisql, create the table flavors with one column, flavor, in OmniSciDB. See omnisql for more information.

    omnisql> CREATE TABLE flavors (flavor TEXT ENCODING DICT);
  3. Open a new terminal window.

  4. Go to your kafka directory.

  5. Start the Zookeeper server with the following command.

    ./bin/zookeeper-server-start.sh config/zookeeper.properties
  6. Open a new terminal window.

  7. Go to the kafka directory.

  8. Start the Kafka server with the following command.

    ./bin/kafka-server-start.sh config/server.properties
  9. Open a new terminal window.

  10. Go to the kafka directory.

  11. Create a new Kafka topic with the following command. This starts a basic broker with only one replica and one partition. See the Kafka documentation for more information.

    bin/kafka-topics.sh --create --zookeeper localhost:2181 --replication-factor 1
    --partitions 1 --topic myflavors
  12. Open a new terminal window.

  13. Launch FlavorConsumer with the following command, substituting the actual path to the Kafka directory and your OmniSci Database password.

    java -cp .:<kafka-directory-path>/libs/*:$OMNISCI_PATH/bin/*:$OMNISCI_PATH/SampleCode/kafka-clickthrough/bin flavors.FlavorConsumer myflavors <myPassword>
  14. Launch FlavorPicker with the following command.

    java -cp .:<kafka-directory-path>/libs/*:$OMNISCI_PATH/bin/*:$OMNISCI_PATH/SampleCode/kafka-clickthrough/bin flavors.FlavorPicker myflavors
  15. Click to create several records for Chocolate, Strawberry, and Vanilla. Each click generates 1,000 records.

16. Use omnisql to see that the results have arrived in OmniSciDB.

17. Use OmniSci Immerse to visualize the results.